Who Is Obligated To Fast?
In an article titled “Islamic Legal Rules of Fasting,” fasting is required for both male and females who have reached or passed the age of puberty. It should be noted that fasting (also called sawm in Arabic) is one of the five pillars that upholds the foundation of Islam and is, for the most part, is required upon every Muslim to partake in but there are some exceptions. These exceptions include those who are suffering from an illness, traveling, elderly and diabetic or women who are going through menstruation, are pregnant or breastfeeding.
The exact times Muslims fast for change depending on place and time of the year (for example, a day for a person fasting in the United States may be longer than someone in Australia).
How Long Do You Fast For?
A typical day during Ramadan starts before the sun rises. Before the athan (call to prayer) for Fair (first morning prayer) goes off, you get up to have suhoor (breakfast/meal). This is usually how you prepare to fast. You then begin the fast for the rest of the day until the sun sets.
Once the fourth prayer comes, Maghrib, it is time to break your fast with dates. The exact times Muslims fast for change depending on place and time of the year (for example, a day for a person fasting in the United States may be longer than someone in Australia).
This page written by Iman Ibrahim.